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Faith and her family in Kenya

Christian Aid in Kenya

Christian Aid has been working in Kenya since 1997.

We build and manage transformational partnerships with local civil society agencies, national and county governments, public authorities, the private sector, churches and religious organisations, who share common values in poverty eradication.

We currently work with over 30 partners across 20 counties, mainly in arid and semi-arid lands. Our work focuses on four key areas:

  • Health and nutrition
  • Climate change and energy
  • Inclusive markets
  • Humanitarian and resilience.
Country context

Since we started working in Kenya over 23 years ago, the country's narrative has changed for the better. Kenya has asserted its position as the economic, financial and transport hub of East Africa. The country has assumed a devolved structure of governance through the creation of 47 semi-autonomous counties.

With the GDP having grown at an average rate of 5% in the last decade, Kenya managed to transition from a low income to a middle-income economy in 2014.

In 2017, the president introduced the Big Four Agenda, encompassing manufacturing, affordable housing, food and nutrition security and universal health coverage as the pillars of socio-economic development in Kenya.

While this rosy picture is one chapter of Kenya's profile, there is another chapter which motivates us to continue to work for an end to poverty.

Young children collect water for their family in the drought

Young children collect water for their family in Kitui county. - Adam Finch

Young children collect water for their family in the drought.

Why do we work in Kenya?

In Kenya, agriculture is practiced by at least 75% of the population and contributes 26% of the GDP. Over 75% output is from small-scale rain-fed farming and livestock production, which is being hit hard by the climate crisis and informal, exploitative market systems.

Covering up to 23 counties and accounting for about 16 million people, Arid and Semi-Arid lands (ASALs) make up to 89% of the country’s landmass. While these areas are of great potential (including renewable energy generation) they have been considered unproductive and, together with their populace, marginalised for decades. The result has been high levels of poverty, adverse climate shocks, and malnutrition.

While Universal Healthcare is part of the Big Four Agenda, the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) reported that in 2016 the leading causes of death were pneumonia, malaria, cancer, HIV/AIDS, anaemia, heart disease and tuberculosis. The Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (2014) noted that infant mortality stood at 39 per 1,000 live births. Malnutrition is reportedly responsible for 53% of child mortality.

Kenya grapples with weak governance, runaway corruption, underdeveloped infrastructure, high income inequality and high unemployment (especially among young people). According to the United Nations Development Programme, Kenya is ranked 137th out of 160 countries in the 2017 Gender Inequality Index. These are the reasons we continue to work in Kenya.

How do we root out poverty?

We seek to reach marginalised communities with interventions that will lift them out of poverty, help them make their voices heard, and empower them to challenge the structures that keep them in poverty.

We do this through four work streams:

Health and nutrition 

We contribute to responsive, accountable and equitable health and nutrition services in Kenya. We work towards improved health financing and governance to advance the progress of health systems towards universal health coverage for those most at risk of being left behind. Our second objective is to see improved agency and voice from women, girls, and other marginalised groups to challenge negative social norms that are barriers to accessing health and nutrition. Lastly, we support communities to hold health systems accountable to the health and nutritional needs of the population.

Climate change and energy 

We spearhead the development of climate resilience in Kenya. We continue to provide guidance and advocate for mainstreaming and integrating climate change planning and response into county development processes including County Integrated Development Plans (CIDP) and annual sector plans and budgets. Secondly, we work towards enhancing communities' resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change. We help communities to access sustainable energy for domestic and productive use. We build partnerships between the private sector and civil society organisations to help provide climate change and sustainable energy solutions.

Inclusive markets 

Our objective is to contribute to resilient and thriving communities, who have the power to shape the decisions which affect their lives. To achieve this, we work towards increased productivity and income for small-holder producers, micro-enterprises, women and young people. Secondly, we work for enhanced access to inclusive financial services, inputs and working capital for small-holder farmers, women and youth. We design our programmes around increased access to markets to a wide range of people by improving bargaining power, collective action and information access by small-holder producers.

Humanitarian and resilience 

In a country where humanitarian disasters hit every so often, our objective is to contribute to the empowerment of vulnerable communities to manage risks and build their resilience. Our continued work in this area is geared towards reduced disaster losses for marginalised families and communities, through effective and timely community-led responses, to support them to prepare and adapt to future shocks. We also help increase the resilience of vulnerable women, men, girls, boys, and marginalised groups to disasters by promoting community-led resilience strategies. Our last objective is to see increased voice of marginalised communities in influencing legislation on disaster-risk management and climate change initiatives for long-term resilience.

A primary school pupil runs a tap of drinking water in Kitui county.

A primary school pupil runs a tap of drinking water in Kitui county. - Tom Pilston

Onesmus Muthiani fills a cup with water in Kitui county.

Our current portfolio and key achievements
Under health, our current projects and past successes include:

Comprehensive Assistance Support Empowerment for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CASE-OVC) 
A USAID-funded five-year programme from 2017-2022 implemented in 18 counties in Kenya, supporting 171,000 orphans and vulnerable children to be resilient and thrive within their families and communities.

Adolescent nutrition
This project contributed towards reducing the vulnerability of 5,804 rural adolescent girls to undernutrition and teen pregnancies, through school and community-based interventions in Transmara East, Narok County.

Integrating traditional birth attendants in improving adolescent reproductive health
In Narok West involved re-orienting and re-organising traditional birth attendants from conducting deliveries to becoming mother companions and skilled delivery advocates. These re-oriented traditional birth attendants and ‘mentor mothers’ became champions for advocating for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health services at health facilities. They helped us reach a total of 3,011 adolescent girls and young women, out of which 1,472 received ante-natal care, 563 had skilled deliveries, 505 had access to family planning services, and 454 received post-natal care.

Enhancing community-centric dialogue and implementation of universal health coverage 
Targeting 300 people in Nyeri and Isiolo counties, the project promoted meaningful citizen participation in the advancement of universal health coverage in Kenya.

Under the humanitarian work stream, we have implemented: 

East Africa Crisis Appeal project
The project aims to:

  • strengthen the resilience of pastoral and agro pastoral communities in Moyale sub-county and;
  • build adaptive, responsive and transformative capacities of pastoralists through community-driven processes in Marsabit county in northern Kenya.

Through approaches such as Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and self-help groups, the project has reached more than 3,000 women and men across 14 communities. A total of 12 PRA sites and 68 self-help groups have been established so far. The project has also created a strong feedback mechanism through the establishment of village accountability committees. Christian Aid Kenya has also been working with the Marsabit Indigenous Organisations Network (MIONET) to influence the development of climate change policy for Marsabit county, as well as the legislation of the disaster management policy.

A climate change champion in Kenya

We train climate change champions to advocate for their communities. - Adam Finch

Naomi Mumo is chair of a climate change advocacy group in her village.

Under the climate change and energy work stream, we have implemented:

Climate change governance project
This aims to contribute towards equitable and inclusive climate-resilient development in water security for Marsabit county. We worked alongside 2,837 women and men across the 17 target wards, sensitising them on policy and legislative issues of the county water matters, as well as the strategic role of community engagement in water governance issues.

Strengthening pastoralist communities’ resilience to climate change in Marsabit and Samburu counties
This project worked collaboratively with counties, communities and other stakeholders to prioritise climate resilience actions (to anticipate, plan, adapt and transform) in their budgets and plans. The project targets a total of 143,721 pastoralists with at least 50% being women and youth.

Building effective, accountable mechanisms for resilience
Implemented in Kitui and Makueni counties, the project builds national and local capabilities for effective climate action, learning from the County Climate Change Funds experience to prepare for the expansion and for mainstreaming into national climate action in the second phase.

Lake region economic bloc climate change governance project 
This project was delivered through the Ada Consortium, of which Christian Aid is a member. It provides technical assistance to the targeted county governments to prepare them to establish County Climate Change Fund – a model of devolved climate finance to support community-led climate change actions.

Under the inclusive market thematic area, we have implemented: 

Cereal Value Chain Enhancement Project (CVEP)
This aimed to develop an inclusive, resilient and sustainable green grams and sorghum value chain that improves the livelihoods of small-scale farmers. In its current phase, the project is targeting 2,500 small-holder farmers drawn from Makueni, Kitui, Embu and Tharaka Nithi counties.

African Leafy Vegetables pilot project (ALV)
This has supported over 1,500 small-scale producers to be more resilient as a result of producing African leafy vegetables by addressing systemic production, safety and markets gaps in the value chain.

Honey project 
We have implemented honey work over the last four years. During the first two years, we targeted 2,000 beekeepers funded by the ITL innovation fund. This was later scaled-up into a social enterprise calleNyuki Hubs Limited.


Our programmes and projects

Climate Justice Resilience Fund project

This project strengthens pastoralist communities' resilience to climate change in the Marsabit and Samburu counties in northern Kenya.

CASE-OVC programme

The Comprehensive Assistance, Support and Empowerment of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CASE-OVC) programme is a five year, USAID-funded programme.

Reports and resources

Balancing research and practice in an international NGO

Reflections on setting up a long-term study of change in an international NGO

CASE-OVC programme briefing

2018 project milestones and case study material

Kenya prequalification of suppliers 2019-20

Christian Aid Kenya invites interested and eligible suppliers to apply for pre-qualification indicating the category of goods and services.

Partnership for Change: Christian Aid in Kenya

Christian Aid has been working in Kenya since 1997, in partnership with local civil society agencies, public authorities, private sector actors, ch

LPRR: action learning research

Within the LPRR project there is a need for rigorous evaluation, which balances accountability and learning.

Conflict prevention strand of the LPRR

The aim of this paper is to describe the process of implementing the LPRR pilots and to gather learning about what worked well and what did not.

Latest news

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Kenyan mother with baby


Christian Aid Kenya is based in Nairobi. We also draw on the expertise of colleagues from other Christian Aid teams across Africa and the world.

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