Almost three months after fighting first broke out in Sudan, nearly 3 million people have fled their homes, including more than 600,000 people who have sought safety in neighbouring countries.
So far over 150,000 people have crossed into South Sudan. Most are South Sudanese but this number also includes Sudanese refugees and people from other countries. Almost three-quarters of the people arriving into South Sudan come through the Joda border crossing in Upper Nile State.
Hear the stories and challenges faced by those fleeing one crisis to another.
At the Joda border crossing
At the Joda border crossing, Christian Aid met 29-year-old father of two Joseph. Joseph is originally from Warrap state in South Sudan but left in 2019 to go study. Joseph and his family were living in an area northwest of Khartoum when the fighting broke out.
He described the dangers his family faced as they escaped.
While Joseph says he is relieved to have made it to South Sudan, he remains deeply concerned for those who haven’t been able to make it out of Sudan, including his wife’s family who are still there.
'They plan to come but they haven’t got money yet for transport to get here.'
Joseph is hoping his family can help him get home to Warrap.
A humanitarian crisis is deepening in South Sudan. Write to your MP and local paper to shine a light on what's happening.
At the transit centre in Renk
Some 45km south of the border lies the town of Renk. The UN estimates that around 50,000 people are now staying in Renk across several displacement sites. Christian Aid visited a transit centre which was set up within the walled grounds of a rundown building just on the outskirts of the town.
The transit centre is severely overcrowded. It’s only meant to hold between 1 and 2,000 people for a short time – however, according to the UN, the number of people currently at the transit centre is nearly 4,700. Some have been there for weeks, others months.
At the transit centre, Christian Aid met 40-year-old mum of ten Martha. Martha has lived in Khartoum her whole life. She had fled Sudan with her family, including her 65-year-old mother Grace, who is originally from Wau state in South Sudan.
Martha and her family felt they had no choice but to flee their home after their neighbourhood in Khartoum was attacked during the fighting.
‘A bomb fell and part of it hit the top of my house. I was woken up by the noise and my body was covered in dust. All the windows and the door of my house were opened,’ Martha says.
The conditions in the transit centre are particularly hard for Martha’s children.
‘This has messed up their lives. They have been living in good conditions where they have been watching TV and playing computer games. Now they are really exhausted with the situation we are in.
'If it wasn’t for their aunt arriving and telling them that the situation in Khartoum is getting worse and worse, they would have forced me to take them back,' Martha says.
Martha has been living at the transit centre since 20 April. She’s frustrated that promises to transport her family out of Renk have not materialised. As Martha explains, she hopes that no other person will ever have to experience what she is going through.