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Tackling violence, building peace: global strategy 2016

Violence and conflict affects almost one fifth of the world’s population or 1.5 billion people. The daily fear, uncertainty and suffering borne by people living through violent conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq and South Sudan is immeasurable and unimaginable. The war in Syria, has contributed to the highest number of displaced people since World War II; nearly five million having fled its bombs and bullets. Meanwhile, the catastrophe continues for people trapped in besieged villages across Syria and Iraq. Other countries like Colombia are striving to end protracted conflicts and push peace over the line. Today, one in every 122 people is now a refugee, internally displaced or seeking asylum, and the cost of world military spending is said to be nearly 250 times more than is spent on peace building. Christian Aid has adopted ‘Tackling Violence, Building Peace,’ as a strategic priority to address these critical trends and because we know that human development cannot be achieved without tackling violence. Seventy years after Christian Aid’s establishment, the root causes and levels of violence in poor communities where we work persists, often at higher levels and irrespective of whether those communities are ‘at war’ or not. Most of the world’s poorest people live outside of any form of protection and remain vulnerable to war and conflict, violent criminal organisations, gender-based violence, police abuse, forced labour and violent theft of land and other assets on a daily basis. People who do not have a safe place to call home, reliable access to food and an income because of violence, cannot plan for the future. Communities living through daily violence cannot thrive. And children who are forced to leave school because of violence are denied a chance at their hopes and dreams. Women and girls are also increasingly subject to physical and sexual violence, a harrowing result of gender inequality. Conflict is complex and even when peace comes, it does not always signal an end to violence. It can mark a shift from militarised conflict to widespread social conflict. For example, in Central America more people die violently today due to crime than during the civil wars of Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua combined. Our new strategy underpins our commitment to tackle violence and to promote just and lasting peace and security where we work. The strategy is deeply informed by our work in countries across the globe and reflects the aspirations and vision of our local partners. Peace is both an end in itself and a prerequisite for development. ‘Tackling Violence, Building Peace’ is our pledge to work tirelessly and collectively towards a safer future that secures justice and human rights for all.

The chocolate trade: follow-up discussion

As with most simulation games, the follow-up discussion is in some ways the most important part and should not be left out. Use the following questions to start the discussion and to help clarify what has been learnt from the chocolate trade game.

The chocolate trade: cocoa in Ghana

Said to be the producer of the world’s finest cocoa, Ghana relies heavily on this commodity, which is its second most important export after gold. Find out more about Ghana and fair-trade chocolate.

The chocolate trade: role play

Your pupils can take on the role of a big chocolate company, a supermarket, a shopper, a journalist, cocoa farmers or a fair-trade chocolate company in this role-play activity. 

The chocolate trade game activity sheet

This activity highlights the fact that the major cocoa-producing countries are in the poorer South and the major chocolate-producing countries are in the richer North.

The chocolate trade game instructions

This simulation game looks at the experiences of Ghanaian cocoa farmers in the cocoa trading chain.

Trading game: introduction

Age: 13+ / Youth group (11-18) An introduction to the trading game covering how to play, who can play and the aims of the game.

Trading game: teacher's intructions

Instructions and guidance for teachers and leaders running the trading game.

Trading game: diagram of shapes

Age: 13+ / Youth group (11-18) Students will need to carefully cut out the shapes on this sheet to use as part of the trading game.

Trading game: creating new trading situations

Age: 13+ / Youth group (11-18) This sheet contains new trading situations which can be applied to the trading game to mix things up and add additional challenges.

Trading game: follow-up discussions

Age: 13+ / Youth group (11-18) Guidelines for encouraging follow-up discussion after playing the trading game.