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Linking Preparedness, Resilience and Response (LPRR)


Linking Preparedness, Resilience and Response (LPRR)

The LPRR project aimed to improve the understanding and use of best practices in preparedness and resilience in order to support communities affected by emergencies and communities at risk of violence.

The project had three strands focusing on:

  • Conflict prevention aimed at co-developing methodologies for better resilience programming in countries facing multiple risks. The new methodologies were piloted in Kenya, Pakistan and Honduras and revised based on lessons learned
  • Humanitarian response strand aimed to analyse past humanitarian interventions to understand and map out how emergency response could be better informed by communities’ understanding of what builds their resilience and links to longer term development.
    Case studies collected in Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, the Philippines
  • Learning: it used an action learning research to systematically capture learning and strengthen skills and knowledge. Led by King’s College London, findings informed the practice of organisations involved in the project resulting in better programmes and more resilient communities. 

Key information


Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines


January 2015- March 2018

Programme value:

£1,014,000 (combined PPA and DEPP)

Consortium partners:

The consortium was led by Christian Aid and included Action Aid, Concern Worldwide, Help Age, Kings College London, Muslim Aid, Oxfam, Saferworld and World Vision.

Implementing partners:

Kenya: PACIDA and World Vision Kenya
Pakistan: World Vision Pakistan and RAHBAR

Focus countries::

Colombia: Christian Aid
Bangladesh: Action Aid
DR Congo: Christian Aid
Indonesia: Muslim Aid
Kenya: Concern and World Vision
Pakistan: World Vision
Philippines: Christian Aid and Help Age

Funded by

UK Aid Logo
UK aid

Our approach

The whole project was delivered collaboratively.

Conflict: Saferworld developed an Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience (ICPR) approach for resilience in fragile settings as an add on to existing resilience tools such as the Participatory Vulnerability Capacity Assessment (PVCA) rolling it out in Kenya, Honduras, Pakistan and Myanmar.

Partners in focus countries conducted a conflict analysis at macro and local level which informed the PVCA to develop action plans to address both natural and conflict risks.

Humanitarian response: King College London developed a robust research methodology to review 6 consortium members past humanitarian responses in a wide range of contexts to identify what actions and approaches could be used to strengthen and not undermine community resilience from a practical perspective.

Learning: a Learning Framework and an Action Learning Research approach were developed to capture learning and feed back on project implementation. The project regularly shared learning with consortium members, gathered their inputs and improved programming.

Key achievements

Conflict strand: communities identified community-led actions that addressed the interconnections between conflict and natural hazards to help reduce their vulnerabilities. For example, conflict can be exacerbated by drought, so by addressing this relationship we helped prevent violence and build long-term resilience.

In Kenya, the project established peace committees, which during the ongoing drought the two traditionally conflicting tribes, managed the resources for grazing and the delivery of relief without any escalation of violence. This was the first time this had happened. On the other hand, in neighbouring counties there had been significant violence. The delivery of relief was coordinated by the county using the ICPR conflict analysis as a framework. Learn more in this blog

In Pakistan, women identified actions such as water points to improve their health and street lights to improve their safety, in particular to guide them when evacuating from floods at night.

Humanitarian strand: research led by Kings College London was conducted in 7 countries. The study asked 327 crises survivors and first responders (both local partners and field staff) to draw upon their own experience and expertise to strengthen response to humanitarian crises.

Kenya LPRR project

Evidence from this research identified 6 common principles for better humanitarian response that enables and does not undermine long-term community resilience.  

Read the research study

The core principles were:

  1. Allow and enable the community to co-run the response
  2. Coordinate Interventions and work with the government
  3. Support community cohesion and establish effective two-way communication between crises survivors and implementing organisations
  4. Address underlying causes of vulnerability: protect and prepare
  5. Psycho social support and mental health
  6. Income generation, cash and savings

The findings of this research have been presented at: a DFID technical session, Kings College, the Science and Technology Advisory Group Workshop, the Start Network Members day.

Watch the research findings that were presented at the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction in Cancun 2017.

The further you leave people to fall, the heavier they are to pick up.

- Crises survivor and participant of the LPRR research.

More DEPP projects

Reports and resources

Conflict prevention strand of the LPRR

The aim of this paper is to describe the process of implementing the LPRR pilots and to gather learning about what worked well and what did not.

Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience Field Guide

This is a field guide for staff implementing the guidance laid out in the Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience Handbook.

Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience Handbook

This guide will support agencies to strengthen community resilience more effectively in conflict-affected contexts.

LPRR final evaluation report

The Linking Preparedness, Response and Resilience (LPRR) project was carried out from 2015 to the end of March 2018.

LPRR knowledge co-development paper

Co-production was explicitly employed in the Linking Preparedness, Resilience and Response (LPRR) project.

LPRR: action learning research

Within the LPRR project there is a need for rigorous evaluation, which balances accountability and learning.

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LPRR (disaster preparedness)
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