Ghana is known for its cocoa and gold, for its tropical climate and for its peacekeeping role among West African countries.
Its economy is growing and it has recently been elevated to ‘middle income’ status, but levels of inequality are rising strongly and just under 7 million people live below $1.25 a day.
Poverty has steadily decreased, but this decline has not spread evenly across the country or social sectors. There is a dramatic north-south divide.
More than half of those facing extreme poverty live in the rural northern region of Ghana, and the development gap is getting worse. There has been a 50% increase in the concentration of income over an 18-year period.
A World Bank study showed that between 1992 and 2006, southern Ghana saw 2.5 million people rise out of poverty, but the number of poor people in the northern part of the country increased by nearly a million.
We want all Ghanaian citizens to be empowered to participate effectively at all levels of government and decision-making and to hold institutions to account. Along with our partners, we are campaigning for tax justice.
Most farming families experience food insecurity; one reason is lack of access to markets. There are gluts and low prices during harvest season and scarcity and high prices at other times of the year.
We are helping poor farmers to better access markets so that they can receive the best price for their crops and develop sustainable livelihoods.
People in rural areas, as well as women, youth and minority groups are underrepresented in the political systems and often their needs are not addressed.
For example, government spending on health and education is concentrated on the wealthier, urban areas. 70% of all doctors are based in the greater Accra and Ashanti regions, with only 4.2% in the three rural northern regions.
Out of a total of 17,315 candidates who contested the 2010 local level elections, only 412 women were elected.
The current parliament has just 29 women, representing 11% of the house.