Burundi is recovering slowly from a civil war that lasted over a decade and claimed the lives of around 300,000 people and displaced many more.
It has largely remained peaceful since the end of the war, but it is still one of the poorest countries in the world, and its stability continues to be threatened by unrest in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo and recent political tensions.
Christian Aid Burundi implements programmes through a range of partners, including faith-based organisations, civil society organisations and the private sector.
Our partners are mainly made up of faith-based organisations that exert considerable influence in all sectors of society.
Most Burundians live in rural areas and are dependent on farming. Agricultural livelihoods are still recovering from the consequences of the war, and have been affected in recent years by an increasingly variable climate, making food security a real challenge for many.
Competition for farmland is high and rainfall is erratic, particularly in the north and east of the country. It is difficult for farmers who have achieved food security to move beyond this. Farmers need assistance to adapt to a changing climate and extract the greatest possible value from their harvest.
The civil war devastated the health sector and it is still struggling to recover because of insufficient budget and staff. Government expenditure on health is much lower than the African average. Christian Aid aims to address this imbalance and improve the quality of services provided by government and faith-based organisations.
HIV is one of the major causes of mortality and stigma surrounding the illness is high in some regions. The HIV prevalence rate is over 3% and progress continues to be hindered by traditional attitudes that stigmatise those affected. But the fight against HIV in Burundi has been effective, with the number of new infections decreasing due to huge investment from government and donors.
But funding is still needed for this work, as there are concerns that services provided to people living with HIV will decline and that new infections will start to increase again.