Ethiopia has one of the world’s fastest-growing populations and is Africa’s second most populous country, with the majority of people living in rural areas.
Despite significant economic gains and improvements in access to essential services like health and education, it still faces major challenges such as food insecurity, cyclical disasters, population pressure, unemployment, disease and natural resource degradation.
Natural disasters, particularly droughts and floods, occur frequently in Ethiopia, with over 2 million people requiring humanitarian assistance every year. Natural resources, especially water, land and vegetation, are under severe pressure from overpopulation and overexploitation.
Around 1.3 million people are living with HIV in Ethiopia, one of the largest affected populations in the world. Our HIV work has now expanded into a wider community health programme, incorporating TB, malaria, and maternal and child health.
Ethiopia also has some of the highest rates of maternal, neonatal and child mortality globally. Lack of access to clean water and sanitation facilities are a major cause of preventable illnesses.
According to USAID, 20 million young people and 30 million adults in Ethiopia lack basic literacy and numeracy skills. Many children do not attend school.
Christian Aid’s work in Ethiopia is predominantly in the south and south-west, which has seen particularly slow rates of development. We focus on working through partners to support groups within society who are often neglected.
We are helping people increase their crop yields through methods that effectively use the little water available to them, raising awareness of HIV and supporting people living with the virus; and improving access to clean water in rural areas.