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Low-carbon development in South Asia: Leapfrogging to a green future

The cover of the South Asia report As a result of recent economic growth and increased demand for energy, South Asia’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are increasing annually.

As economies continue to grow, the region is projected to become even more fossil-fuel dependent. Meanwhile, millions of people across the region remain in energy poverty.

The good news is that South Asia has great potential for energy efficiency and renewable energy.

In terms of renewable energy, the subcontinent has vast potential to develop hydro, geothermal, wind, solar and tidal energy.

This report demonstrates that, with international support, the South Asia region can move towards a low-carbon, renewable energy future, while delivering the energy needs of all.

Download our report (PDF, 2.8mb)

The report gives examples of the potential for low-carbon energy in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan.


The cover of the Bangladesh report Bangladesh mainly depends on a combination of natural gas and traditional fuel wood to deliver its energy needs, but is increasingly importing oil and coal. As a country highly threatened by climate change, it recognises the need for a low-carbon future. With the right policy, technology and investment, renewable energy could deliver energy for all.

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The cover of the India report India’s growth is currently being powered largely by coal. While the country intends to develop its renewable energy production, it plans to continue to expand its coal capacity. This case study argues that a new vision of low-carbon growth is needed, and is possible, for India.

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The cover of the Nepal report With high levels of energy poverty and a growing dependence on fossil fuel imports, Nepal is focused on renewable energy to deliver energy for all, but needs increased international support to make this happen.

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The cover of the Pakistan report With a number of challenges to its energy sector - energy deficits, frequent blackouts and high levels of energy poverty - a positive approach to developing national renewable resources offers Pakistan a real opportunity to deliver energy for all.

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