PACS has focused on two key themes:
1. Access to sustainable livelihoods
PACS has helped socially excluded communities improve their livelihoods through access to MGNREGA (the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, the Indian Government’s rural employment scheme), land and forest rights, inclusive livelihood models and skills training.
2. Rights to basic services
PACS has supported socially excluded communities to access government schemes in education, health and nutrition.
The poverty levels in PACS districts are higher than the average for rural India, and a substantial proportion of the population belong to socially excluded groups.
To reduce the welfare gap, PACS has strengthened 85 civil society organisations (CSOs) to prioritise and work on issues affecting socially excluded groups
The programme has helped socially excluded groups have a greater voice in committees (at village, block and district level), CSOs and government bodies. It worked to ensure civil society holds service providers more accountable to socially excluded groups. Learning from PACS has been widely shared.
PACS has targeted:
- Women and girls – Women and girls are excluded from many aspects of Indian life including health, education and work.
- People with disabilities – Most service providers, governments and workplaces in India are not equipped for the full participation of people with disabilities.
- Muslims – Muslims from poorer backgrounds fare poorly in a broad range of socioeconomic indicators.
- Scheduled Tribes (STs) – Otherwise known as Adivasis or tribal groups, STs face discrimination due to their ethnicity.
- Scheduled Castes (SCs) – Otherwise known as Dalits, SCs face discrimination on the basis of their position at the very bottom of the Indian caste system.
PACS has worked directly with 85 CSOs, identified through a rigorous grant application process, and a further 139 networked partners. Over half (58%) of PACS partners are led by someone from a socially excluded group.
PACS partners have worked with over 14,000 community-based organisations (CBOs), extending the reach of the programme to 21,552 villages.
PACS has provided grants to enable CSOs to assist socially excluded people to claim their rights and entitlements. Capacity building – whether in financial management, legal literacy or communications – has been part of PACS’ plan to leave a lasting legacy of empowered communities and organisations with the confidence and skills to claim their rights and entitlements. PACS has also provided training and networking events which support alliance-building and joint advocacy.
The programme’s overarching aim has been to enable CBO members to understand and be confident in their rights, working together to demand and secure these entitlements. Our CSO partners are doing this by:
- training CBO members about their rights in key thematic areas
- supporting CBOs to lead campaigns and advocacy in their communities to teach others about their rights
- helping CBO members to monitor services
- supporting CBO members to participate in meetings with local government to advocate for their rights and more inclusive policies and practices
- working with CBO leaders to develop their leadership capabilities.