Menu
Children cross a bridge in the aftermath of typhoon Ketsana in the Philippines. Credit: Rebecca Murphy

Linking Preparedness, Resilience and Response (LPRR)

The LPRR project aims to improve the understanding and use of best practices in preparedness and resilience in order to support communities affected by emergencies and communities at risk of violence. 

The project has three strands focusing on:

  • Conflict prevention aims at co-developing methodologies for better resilience programming in countries facing multiple risks. The new methodologies will be piloted in Kenya, Pakistan and Honduras and revised based on lessons learned
  • Humanitarian response strand aims to analyse past humanitarian interventions to understand and map out how emergency response can be better informed by communities’ understanding of what builds their resilience and links to longer term development.
    Case studies collected in Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Kenya, Pakistan, the Philippines
  • Learning: it uses an action learning research to systematically capture learning and strengthen skills and knowledge. Led by King’s College London, findings will inform the practice of organisations involved in the project resulting in better programmes and more resilient communities. 
Key information
Funded by
UKaid
Location

Bangladesh, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines

Timescale

January 2015- March 2018

Consortium partners

The consortium is led by Christian Aid and includes Action Aid, Concern Worldwide, Help Age, Kings College London, Muslim Aid, Oxfam, Saferworld and World Vision.

Implementing partners

Kenya: PACIDA and World Vision Kenya
Pakistan: World Vision Pakistan and RAHBAR

Focus countries:
Colombia: Christian Aid
Bangladesh: Action Aid
DR Congo: Christian Aid
Indonesia: Muslim Aid
Kenya: Concern and World Vision
Pakistan: World Vision
Philippines:Christian Aid and Help Age

Programme value

£1,014,000 (combined PPA and DEPP)

Our approach

The whole project is being delivered collaboratively.

Conflict: Saferworld has developed an Integrated Conflict Prevention and Resilience (ICPR) approach for resilience in fragile settings as an add on to existing resilience tools such as the Participatory Vulnerability Capacity Assessment (PVCA) rolling it out in Kenya, Honduras, Pakistan and Myanmar.

Partners in focus countries have conducted a conflict analysis at macro and local level which has informed the PVCA to develop action plans to address both natural and conflict risks.

Humanitarian response: King College London has developed a robust research methodology to review 6 consortium members past humanitarian responses in a wide range of contexts to identify what actions and approaches can be used to strengthen and not undermine community resilience from a practical perspective.

Learning: a Learning Framework and an Action Learning Research approach were developed to capture learning and feed back on project implementation. The project has regularly shared learning with consortium members, gathered their inputs and improved programming.

Results

Conflict strand: communities have identified community-led actions that addresses the interconnections between conflict and natural hazards to help reduce their vulnerabilities. For example, conflict can be exacerbated by drought so by addressing this relationship we can help prevent violence and build long-term resilience.

In Kenya, the project established peace committees, which during the ongoing drought the two traditionally conflicting tribes, managed the resources for grazing and the delivery of relief without any escalation of violence. This is the first time this has happened. On the other hand, in neighbouring counties there has been significant violence. The delivery of relief has been coordinated by the county using the ICPR conflict analysis as a framework. Learn more in this blog

In Pakistan, women identified actions such as water points to improve their health and street lights to improve their safety, in particular guide them when evacuating from floods at night.

Humanitarian strand: research led by Kings College London was conducted in 7 countries. The study asked 327 crises survivors and first responders (both local partners and field staff) to draw upon their own experience and expertise to strengthen response to humanitarian crises.

kenya_LPRR.jpg

Evidence from this research identified 6 common principles for better humanitarian response that enables and does not undermine long-term community resilience.  

Read the research study 

The core principles are:

  1. Allow and enable the community to co-run the response
  2. Coordinate Interventions and work with the government
  3. Support community cohesion and establish effective two-way communication between crises survivors and implementing organisations
  4. Address underlying causes of vulnerability: protect and prepare
  5. Psycho social support and mental health
  6. Income generation, cash and savings

The findings of this research have been presented at: a DFID technical session, Kings College, the Science and Technology Advisory Group Workshop, the Start Network Members day.

Watch the research findings that were presented at the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction in Cancun 2017.

"The further you leave people to fall, the heavier they are to pick up"
Crises survivor and participant of the LPRR research

More DEPP projects

Find out more about other Disaster and Emergency Preparedness Programmes

Resources

Published
Community resilience building in humanitarian response; insights from crises survivors and first responders. A joint report from the START Disasters and Emergencies Preparedness Programme.
View more resources
Related work and experience