2 December, 2014 - A year after Britain’s tax havens agreed to consider lifting the secrecy around who really owns the hundreds of thousands of companies they host, they have made alarmingly little progress and many criminals will rest easier as a result, a new Christian Aid assessment warns today.
Ministers from the Overseas Territories – which include the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands and Bermuda - hold their annual conference in London this week, at which the UK government ought to be fulfilling the Prime Minister’s promise to end secrecy and “set a new standard for transparency”.
Christian Aid campaigners wearing business suits and white masks outside the conference venue, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in Westminster, London today demanded faster progress towards transparency.
A new ‘traffic light’ assessment by Christian Aid and Global Witness of the UK tax havens’ progress towards transparency around companies’ beneficial owners is at present dominated by the colours amber and red, indicating that much more needs to be done.
A poll by Christian Aid and ActionAid published yesterday found that just one in five people (20 per cent) believe political parties have gone far enough in their promises to tackle tax avoidance by large companies.
Joseph Stead, Senior Economic Justice Adviser at Christian Aid, said: “Over the last year, so little has changed that it is hard to believe the Overseas Territories were genuine in their commitment to consider public registers of who owns companies. In April the Prime Minister reminded them that ‘the rest of the world is watching’ but they seem to be stalling in the hope that their promises will be forgotten.”
At last year’s meeting of the Joint Ministerial Council, which brings together political leaders from the Overseas Territories and UK Ministers, all the territories agreed to hold public consultations on creating public registers of who really owns companies. While most of them have asked for submissions, none has produced any government response or conclusions, despite up to 10 months having passed since the consultations closed.
“This isn’t good enough,” added Joseph Stead. “It’s clear that secretly owned companies in the Overseas Territories are used for international corruption, money laundering and tax evasion. The BVI, the Caymans and Bermuda are in the World Bank’s top 20 jurisdictions for cases of grand corruption. They need to be among the first to change.
“The failure to clean up the Overseas Territories risks being a blot on the Prime Minister’s record of getting tough on tax dodging. While the Overseas Territories stall, the UK is one of a growing number of EU countries supporting public registries across the EU to counter money laundering."
The UK is making especially fast progress, with the legislation to create the public register to be debated today in the House of Lords. Mr Stead said the legislation was looking impressive, although some significant concerns remain. These include:
• More should be done to ensure the new register is as accurate as possible, including details on how ownership is held, and ensure verification of the information supplied by firms. This should be fast and simple, to help the majority who have nothing to hide, without creating loopholes which a minority will abuse.
• Exceptions to disclosure: There are some circumstances where exemptions may be valid (eg where there is a risk of being made a target for violent protest) but they should be few and tightly defined. In addition, the public should be allowed to challenge exemptions where there is a public interest in disclosure.
• Changes are urgently needed to reduce the restrictions on those who seek to get the most up-to-date information directly from companies, which as they stand could prevent the information being publicly used.
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Notes to editors:
1. Christian Aid works in some of the world's poorest communities in around 50 countries at any one time. We act where there is great need, regardless of religion, helping people to live a full life, free from poverty. We provide urgent, practical and effective assistance in tackling the root causes of poverty as well as its effects.
2. Christian Aid’s core belief is that the world can and must be changed so that poverty is ended: this is what we stand for. Everything we do is about ending poverty and injustice: swiftly, effectively, sustainably. Our strategy document Partnership for Change explains how we set about this task.
3. Christian Aid is a member of the ACT Alliance, a global coalition of more than 130 churches and church-related organisations that work together in humanitarian assistance, advocacy and development. Further details at http://actalliance.org
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