This humanitarian briefing paper looks at the causes of Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, our response and ways to reduce the risk of disasters in the future.
Disasters happen when a community’s ability to manage the shocks and stresses of hazards such as typhoons is overwhelmed. With sustained wind speeds of more than 190mph, Haiyan is the most powerful storm to hit land in recorded history. The typhoon also brought substantial storm surges, with waves as high as 15 metres, and up to 400mm of rain.
Philippines Typhoon Appeal emergency aid package for a family
While it is difficult to attribute any one event to climate change, it is clear from climate scientists that climate change makes extreme events like Typhoon Haiyan more likely.
Learning from past emergencies
The devastation caused by Haiyan has been likened to the impact of the 2004 Tsunami. Almost nine years on, it is key that the lessons from that international response and other disaster responses in Pakistan, Haiti, East Africa and the world over are not forgotten.
Ensuring strong coordination and response efforts based on needs is critical, as is working with government and local civil society structures to ensure that aid is appropriate, effective and connected to longer-term resilient recovery.
Download the full report
Typhoon Haiyan: November humanitarian briefing paper